24th January 2019

RESEARCH UNCOVERS BEHAVIOR OF DRYING COATINGS

Researchers from the University of Surrey in the UK, in collaboration with the Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France, have used computer simulation and materials experiments to show how when different sized particles in coatings such as paints dry, the coating spontaneously forms two layers.This mechanism, they believe, can be used to control the properties at the top and bottom of coatings independently, which could help increase performance of coatings across industries as diverse as beauty and pharmaceuticals. 

Dr Andrea Fortini, of the University of Surrey and lead author of the researchers' paper, explained, “When coatings such as paint, ink or even outer layers on tablets are made, they work by spreading a liquid containing solid particles onto a surface, and allowing the liquid to evaporate. This is nothing new, but what is exciting is that we’ve shown that during evaporation, the small particles push away the larger ones, remaining at the top surface whilst the larger are pushed to bottom. This happens naturally.

“This type of ‘self-layering’ in a coating could be very useful. For example, in a sun screen, most of the sunlight-blocking particles could be designed to push their way to the top, leaving particles that can adhere to the skin near the bottom of the coating. Typically the particles used in coatings have sizes that are 1000 times smaller than the width of a human hair so engineering these coatings takes place at a microscopic level.”

The team is continuing to work on such research to understand how to control the width of the layer by changing the type and amount of small particles in the coating and explore their use in industrial products such as paints, inks, and adhesives. The funding for this work comes from the EU project BARRIERPLUS, which aims at the reduction of VOCs in paints.

www.surrey.ac.uk/mediacentre/press/2016/science-watching-paint-dry-nanotech-everyday-impact